Call for Paper: Presentation/case report/research work
SUB TRACK: Cancer, brain tumor, cancer awareness, childhood cancer, leukemia, tumor, cancer, cancer awareness, children’s health, Patient- specific treatments, disease pathogenesis, carcinoma, leukemia disease stratification, pediatric cancer, cancer awareness, cancer fundraising, cancer awareness.
How Is Each Cancer Type Named?
Cancer is called for the bodily region from which it first appeared. Its moniker remains the same as the cancer spreads. For instance, kidney cancer still qualifies as kidney cancer and not lung cancer if it spreads to the lungs. One example of a secondary tumour is lung cancer.
Staging is the process of figuring out whether and how far cancer has gone. There are several methods for staging cancer.
What Are the Different Types of Cancer?
Cancer is not just one illness; rather, it is a collection of illnesses that collectively cause the body’s cells to alter and proliferate out of control. Cancers are categorised either based on the type of fluid or tissue from which they arise or based on where in the body they first manifested themselves. Some cancers are also a combination of several kinds.
A carcinoma is a cancer found in body tissue known as epithelial tissue that covers or lines surfaces of organs, glands, or body structures. For example, a cancer of the lining of the stomach is called a carcinoma. Many carcinomas affect organs or glands that are involved with secretion, such as breasts that produce milk. Carcinomas account for 80-90% of all cancer cases.
Types of carcinoma include:
- Basal cell carcinoma
- Squamous cell skin cancer
- Merkel cell carcinoma
- A sarcoma is a malignant tumor growing from connective tissues, such as cartilage, fat, muscle, tendons, and bones. The most common sarcoma, a tumor on the bone, usually occurs in young adults. Examples of sarcoma include osteosarcoma (bone) and chondrosarcoma (cartilage).
Types of sarcoma include:
- Soft tissue sarcoma
- Ewing’s sarcoma
- Lymphoma refers to a cancer that originates in the nodes or glands of the lymphatic system, whose job it is to produce white blood cells and clean body fluids, or in organs such as the brain and breast. Lymphomas are classified into two categories: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Types of lymphoma include:
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- Cutaneous lymphoma
Leukemia, often known as blood cancer, is a bone marrow malignancy that prevents the marrow from creating healthy red, white, and platelet blood cells. To fight infection, white blood cells are necessary. To avoid anaemia, red blood cells are necessary. The presence of platelets helps to prevent easy bleeding and bruising.
Acute myelogenous leukaemia, chronic myelogenous leukaemia, acute lymphocytic leukaemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia are all types of leukaemia. Myelogenous and lymphocytic are terminology used to describe the sort of cells involved.
Types of leukemia include:
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Agnogenic myeloid leukemia
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Essential thrombocythemia (ET)
- Hairy cell leukemia
- Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)
The bone marrow’s plasma cells are where myeloma develops. Sometimes myeloma cells gather in a single bone to create a single tumour known as a plasmacytoma. In other instances, the myeloma cells assemble in several bones to generate numerous bone tumours. The term for this is multiple myeloma.