SUB TRACK: Speech-language pathology, Speech-language pathologist, audiology, optometry, occupational therapy, rehabilitation psychology, physical therapy,
A practitioner known as a speech-language pathologist or a speech and language therapist, both of whom may be referred to as a speech therapist, practises speech-language pathology (or speech and language pathology). Speech-language pathology, along with audiology, optometry, occupational therapy, rehabilitation psychology, physical therapy, and others
SLPs are experts in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of voice, swallowing, and cognitive-communication difficulties as well as communication disorders (speech and language impairments). SLPs are crucial in the identification and management of autism spectrum disorder (often in a team with paediatricians and psychologists).
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) offer a broad range of services, primarily on an individual basis, but they also offer assistance to individuals, families, support groups, and the general public by way of information. SLPs work to evaluate the severity of communication needs, diagnose those needs based on the evaluations, and then treat those needs. Initial screening for communication and swallowing issues is the first step in the speech services process. Next come assessment and diagnosis, consultation for management, intervention, and treatment recommendations, counselling,
What Does a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) Do?
A speech-language pathologist is responsible for numerous tasks. They often assess a person’s swallowing or speech skills, identify underlying issues, create an individualised treatment plan, deliver therapy, and keep records to monitor a person’s development. Every service they provide is referred to as a therapy.
Due to the wide variety of illnesses they treat, SLPs offer a wide range of therapy. They might do things like:
- aiding in the formation of noises in persons
- teaching effective communication skills
- exercising to strengthen the vocal cords and swallow
- assisting people in learning more words to say and/or understand
- working with people to help them improve how they construct phrases
- for those with severe language difficulties, augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) technologies are made available.
- teaching patients and their families how to get through obstacles caused by a communication or swallowing issue
- providing auditory rehabilitation as a form of therapy to help people with hearing loss live better lives
How Do Speech-Language Pathologists Treat Different Conditions?
Persons with hearing loss, kids with developmental delays, people with communication and swallowing issues, and people with hearing loss all receive therapy from SLPs. They deal with conditions like:
Sound production is challenging under these circumstances. Several instances include:
- Apraxia- The brain has difficulty controlling the actions of the vocal muscles.
- Articulation disorders- the inability to produce particular sounds, such as “th” or “r,” due to articulation difficulties
- Stuttering- When the flow of speech is disrupted by pauses and repetition, it is called stuttering.
- Resonance disorders- abnormalities of resonance – brought on by an obstruction, such as a cleft palate.
They could be expressive or receptive (difficulty understanding language) (difficulty making oneself understood to others). Examples include:
- Aphasia is a neurological condition that causes difficulties speaking or understanding people.
- Auditory processing disorder: issues with the brain’s ability to interpret sounds
Speech Language Pathology Association ASHA: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Indian Speech and Hearing Association, Speech-Language & Audiology Canada , Florida Association of Speech-Language Pathologists, TSHA – Texas Speech-Language Hearing Association, The Emirates Speech Language Pathology Society, Chinese Association of Speech, Language and Hearing, The Chilean Association of Speech and Language Pathology, Speech Pathology Australia (SPA), Speech-Language & Audiology Canada (SAC), Egyptian Society for Phoniatrics and Logopedics Association of Speech- Language Pathologists – Malta, Malaysian Association of Speech-Language and Hearing Japanese Association of Speech-Language-Hearing Therapists, Philippine Association of Speech Pathologists, Speech and Language Therapy Singapore, South African Speech Language Hearing Association,
Speech Language Pathology University University of South Carolina, Western University, University of Houston, SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY MS, University of Alberta, University of Nebraska Omaha, University of Birmingham, Dalhousie University, School of Allied Health, University of Louisville, DePaul University, Chicago, Texas Woman’s University, University of Montana, Michigan Medicine,